The Genealogy of Yeshua


PART 1 - The Genealogy of Yeshua in the Book of Matthew

1) This is the way the New Testament begins, with the genealogy of Yeshua (that's what Jesus was actually called, or something like that; we only actually know his name in Greek, Iesus, pronounced Ee-A-soos).  This is the first chapter of the first book, called Matthew (one of his 12 apostles).

2) The main claim of this genealogy, and of the book of Matthew, the first book of the New Testament, is that Jesus is "the Son of David, the Son of Abraham," meaning he is the one that was promised to fulfill the David Covenant and the Abrahamic Covenant.

3) Only four women are mentioned in this genealogy (besides Mary): 1) Tamar, who pretended to be a prostitute to get her father-in-law Judah (one of the 12 sons of Jacob that the tribe of Judah is named after) to impregnate her; 2) Rahab, the harlot in Jericho that hid the 12 Jewish spies before the walls of Jericho fell when Israel invaded Canaan, who was also the great grandmother of King David; 3) Ruth, a Gentile woman and the grandmother of King David, that the book of Ruth is about; 4) Bathsheba, who committed adultery with King David and he killed her husband and married her, and she was the mother of Solomon.

4) At the end of the genealogy it says "Jacob begot Joseph the husband of Mary," but it doesn't say that Joseph begot Yeshua.  It says Jesus was born of Mary, not Joseph, as the last paragraph explains why.  So this genealogy is actually the genealogy of Yeshua's stepfather, Joseph.  But it's still important because Joseph was in the line of the Kings of Judah, and as his stepson, Yeshua would have certain legal rights to the throne of David.  As Amos 9:11-12 describes, by the time of Jesus the line of the Kings of Judah was in ruins.  11 “On that day I will raise up The tabernacle[a] of David, which has fallen down, And repair its damages; I will raise up its ruins, And rebuild it as in the days of old; 12 That they may possess the remnant of Edom, And all the Gentiles who are called by My name,” Says the Lord who does this thing."

5) This is only a genealogy of Abraham to Jesus.  The one of Luke in the next section goes from Adam to Jesus.

Matthew 1
"1 The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham:

2 Abraham begot Isaac, Isaac begot Jacob, and Jacob begot Judah and his brothers. 3 Judah begot Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez begot Hezron, and Hezron begot Ram. 4 Ram begot Amminadab, Amminadab begot Nahshon, and Nahshon begot Salmon. 5 Salmon begot Boaz by Rahab, Boaz begot Obed by Ruth, Obed begot Jesse, 6 and Jesse begot David the king.

David the king begot Solomon by her who had been the wife[a] of Uriah. 7 Solomon begot Rehoboam, Rehoboam begot Abijah, and Abijah begot Asa.[b] 8 Asa begot Jehoshaphat, Jehoshaphat begot Joram, and Joram begot Uzziah. 9 Uzziah begot Jotham, Jotham begot Ahaz, and Ahaz begot Hezekiah. 10 Hezekiah begot Manasseh, Manasseh begot Amon,[c] and Amon begot Josiah. 11 Josiah begot Jeconiah and his brothers about the time they were carried away to Babylon.

12 And after they were brought to Babylon, Jeconiah begot Shealtiel, and Shealtiel begot Zerubbabel. 13 Zerubbabel begot Abiud, Abiud begot Eliakim, and Eliakim begot Azor. 14 Azor begot Zadok, Zadok begot Achim, and Achim begot Eliud. 15 Eliud begot Eleazar, Eleazar begot Matthan, and Matthan begot Jacob. 16 And Jacob begot Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus who is called Christ.

17 So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations, from David until the captivity in Babylon are fourteen generations, and from the captivity in Babylon until the Christ are fourteen generations.

18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was as follows: After His mother Mary was betrothed to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Spirit. 19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not wanting to make her a public example, was minded to put her away secretly. 20 But while he thought about these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take to you Mary your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit. 21 And she will bring forth a Son, and you shall call His name Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins.”

22 So all this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying: 23 “Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel,” which is translated, “God with us.”

24 Then Joseph, being aroused from sleep, did as the angel of the Lord commanded him and took to him his wife, 25 and did not know her till she had brought forth her firstborn Son.[d] And he called His name Jesus."


PART 2 - The Genealogy of Yeshua in the Book of Luke

1) So that genealogy in Matthew was the geneology of Jesus's stepfather, Joseph.  The genealogy of his mother Mary is given in the 3rd book in the New Testament, the book of Luke.  This genealogy goes all the way from Adam and Eve to Jesus.

2) This genealogy also carefully avoids calling Jesus the son of Joseph.  It says, "being AS WAS SUPPOSED [by the public] the son of Joseph."  "Son of" can also mean "son-in-law of" (the term son was used for both) so we assume this genealogy to be that of Mary since the one in Matthew is of Joseph.

3) If Jesus was actually born physically of Joseph he could never be Messiah because even though he would be in line legally to sit on David's throne God pronounced a curse on Solomon's line, and Mary came from David's son Nathan, not Solomon.  Here's the curse at the time of the last king of Israel, Jeconiah.  24 “As I live, says the Lord, though Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, were the signet on My right hand, yet I would pluck you off ... 29 O earth, earth, earth, Hear the word of the Lord! 30 Thus says the Lord: Write this man down as childless, A man who shall not prosper in his days; For none of his descendants shall prosper, Sitting on the throne of David, And ruling anymore in Judah.”

Here's the genealogy from Luke in the New Testament:
Luke 3:23, "Now Jesus Himself began His ministry at about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, the son of Heli, 24 the son of Matthat,[d] the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Janna, the son of Joseph, 25 the son of Mattathiah, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Esli, the son of Naggai, 26 the son of Maath, the son of Mattathiah, the son of Semei, the son of Joseph, the son of Judah, 27 the son of Joannas, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, the son of Neri, 28 the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmodam, the son of Er, 29 the son of Jose, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, 30 the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonan, the son of Eliakim, 31 the son of Melea, the son of Menan, the son of Mattathah, the son of Nathan, the son of David, 32 the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Salmon, the son of Nahshon, 33 the son of Amminadab, the son of Ram, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, 34 the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor, 35 the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Eber, the son of Shelah, 36 the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, 37 the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalalel, the son of Cainan, 38 the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God."


PART 3 - Some Pictures and A Simple List from Luke

Here's some pictures of some of the timespans in Yeshua's genealogy.






Here's a simple list from Luke:
Luk 3:23-38
Adam
Seth
Enos
Cainan
Maleleel
Jared
Enoch
Mathusala
Lamech
Noe
Sem
Arphaxad
Cainan
Sala
Heber
Phalec
Ragau
Saruch
Nachor
Thara
Abraham
Isaac
Jacob
Juda
Phares
Esrom
Aram
Aminadab
Naasson
Salmon
Booz
Obed
Jesse
David
Nathan
Mattatha
Menan
Melea
Eliakim
Jonan
Joseph
Juda
Simeon
Levi
Matthat
Jorim
Eliezer
Jose
Er
Elmodam
Cosam
Addi
Melchi
Neri
Salathiel
Zorobabel
Rhesa
Joanna
Juda
Joseph
Semei
Mattathias
Maath
Nagge
Esli
Naum
Amos
Mattathias
Joseph
Janna
Melchi
Levi
Matthat
Heli
Joseph
Jesus